2019, Vol. 3 Issue 1, Part C
Background and Objective: Wounds are a major source of morbidity, lead to considerable disability, and are associated with increased mortality; therefore, they have a significant impact on public health and the expenditure of healthcare resources. Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) uses negative pressure to assist wound healing. Negative pressure drains fluid from the wound, thus removing the substrate for growth of microorganisms. Negative pressure may also accelerate granulation tissue formation and promote angiogenesis. The mechanical stimulation of cells by tensile forces may also play a role by increasing cellular proliferation and protein synthesis. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) involves the use of a negative pressure therapy or suction device to aspirate and remove fluids, debris, and infectious materials from the wound bed to promote the formation of granulation tissue.
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 post-operative infected wound cases presented in between December 2016 to August 2018 were taken for study. Each case was examined clinically in systematic manner as per the proforma drafted. VAC dressing was done and all cases were followed up to discharge and subsequently for a follow up on 10th day.
Results: In our clinical study of 30 cases managed by VAC dressing, 30% of the cases were of post-operative infected wounds of radius & ulna, 13.3% humerus, 23.3% femur, 23.3% tibia, 3.3% spine, 3.3% calcaneum, 3.3% metatarsals. By the completion of VAC therapy none of the cases required a revision surgery or implant removal. There is a progression of healthy healing in all the cases (100%). Commonest organisms isolated were Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas and Proteus.
Interpretation and Conclusion: In our study VAC therapy enhanced granulation tissue formation leading to better wound healing, and faster recovery. VAC is thus a promising new technology in the field of wound healing with multiple applications in a variety of wounds and can be used in both acute and chronic wounds, salvage procedures or as an adjuvant therapy to improve the results of various surgical procedures.