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National Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics
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2020, Vol. 4 Issue 3, Part A
Epidemiological study of a cohort of patients with intertrochanteric fractures attending the outpatient department of Raichur Institute of Medical Sciences, Raichur
Author(s): Dr. Bhaskar K, Dr. Taranath N and Dr. Shivkumar Patil
Abstract: Introduction: Hip fractures are the most common fractures in the elderly of which 34% constitute the per trochanteric fractures. Intertrochanteric fractures are the most commonly operated fractures with the highest postoperative fatality of fractures treated surgically. It puts a serious burden over the healthcare resource. Future incidence of hip fractures is estimated to double by 2025 and quadruple by 2050. Hence, it is important to understand the epidemiology of intertrochanteric fractures.
Objective of the study: To study the epidemiology of proximal femoral fractures attending Raichur Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) from the district of Raichur, Karnataka.
Materials and methods: Over a period of 6 months patients diagnosed with proximal femoral fractures attending our out patient department were included in the study and were assessed for distribution with respect to age, sex, occupation, the mode of injury and classification of the # type as stable or unstable.
Results: Amongst a total of 40 patients, 50% were men and 50% women. The peak incidence was in the age group of 41 to 50 years which amounted to about 40% of the cases. 65% of cases had a trivial fall while 35% had a history of a high energy trauma. Occupations were divided into physically demanding hard labour and non physically demanding; the distribution among them was 52.5% of injuries occured in patients involved in physically demanding labour. 70% sustained stable and 30% were classified as unstable kinds.
Summary: Our study found equal incidence of intertrochanteric fractures irrespective of sex with a peak in the fifth decade involving a trivial trauma in most of the cases, while there was prominent involvement of females in ages over 60, with about the similar incidence in those performing physically demanding and non demanding jobs with most of them being of the stable variant at post reduction classification in a cohort of patients attending orthopedic OPD at RIMS over a period of 6 months.
Pages: 28-31  |  1114 Views  179 Downloads


National Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics
How to cite this article:
Dr. Bhaskar K, Dr. Taranath N, Dr. Shivkumar Patil. Epidemiological study of a cohort of patients with intertrochanteric fractures attending the outpatient department of Raichur Institute of Medical Sciences, Raichur. Nat J Clin Orthop 2020;4(3):28-31 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33545/orthor.2020.v4.i3a.231
National Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics
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