Prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in Kashmiri teenagers with appendicular fractures
Author(s): Kuchay Gulzar, Farooq Lone, Rameez Raja and Mir Samiula
Abstract:Objective: This study has been done to assess the significance and prevalence of subclinical vitamin D deficiency in the development of fractures in children and adolescents of Kashmiri Origin.
Materials and Methods: Three groups of children were recruited into a cross-sectional study for assessment of serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]. Theseincluded100 upper limb fractures (group 1), 100 lower limb fractures (group 2)] and 100 healthy controls (group 3). The level of serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] was assessed by electrochemiluminescence immunoassays.
Results: 14 % of the injured teenagers in the study were vitamin D deficient (<20 ng/mL) and 38 % had insufficient levels (20 to 30 ng/mL), whereas the respective values of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency among healthy controls were 7 and 36 %.
Conclusions: Significant proportion of Kashmiri Children recruited for study were vitamin D insufficient, independent of limb fracture status. There was a slight but statistically insignificant increase in prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency in fractured children compared to healthy controls.