2019, Vol. 3 Issue 4, Part A
The main aim of the study is to “evaluate the health status of sickle cell disease patients with reference to joint pain and oral health among children and adolescent”. The main idea to conduct this study is to determine the General health status, Oral health status of Sickle Cell Anaemia patients among children and adolescent (6 month to 19 year) admitted to AVBR Hospital, Sawangi, Wardha District. Another focus of this study is to find out Socio-Demographic factors affecting the general and oral health status of Sickle Cell Anemia patients.
Method: A total of 79 participants were recruited for the study, of which 49 were males and 30 were females. Maximum study participantswere in the age group of 6 month - 9 years (40), remaining 10-14 yrs were (21) and 15 -19 years (18). All the patients with a history of SCA from age 6 months to 19 years, admitted to Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital, Sawangi, Wardha. Between October 2013 to July 2014 were included in the study. This study was conducted in Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha district. This district has three tertiary hospitals i.e. District hospital, WardhaMGIMS, Sewagram, and AVBRH The data on Sickle cell anemia collected from Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital, (AVBRH) Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha. The study was conducted on the basis of Hospital based cross sectional study. All the cases with SCA admitted to Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital, Sawangi, Wardha district during 1st September, 2013 to 31st July, 2014 formed the sample size. Statistical tool such as Chi-square was used to find the association between the demographic variable and General and oral health status.
Result: Educational status of parents was statistically significant in development of dental caries and oral mucosal lesion. Income was significantly associated with dental caries and gingival bleeding where as social category (caste) was significantly associated with splenomagely
Conclusion: It has being concluded that majority of the patients presented with high grade fever, joint pain and splenomagaly. Educational status of parents had bearing on poor oral health status (caries, gingival bleeding, and oral mucosa lesion). Poor socio-economic condition also a contributing factor for development of caries, gingival bleeding, and oral mucosa lesions. Lower social categories i.e. SC and ST had more severity of anemia as compared to General and OBC categories. Prealbumin should not be incorporated as monitoring tools for patients with fascial space infections of odontogenic origin.