2017, Vol. 1 Issue 3, Part A
The treatment of choice for majority of midshaft clavicular fractures was conservative with a sling bandage. This was because the incidence of non union was higher after open reduction as compared to those which underwent closed reduction. With open reduction, there are certain complications associated with it such as risk of implant failure due to bending or breaking of the plate. In the present study we aim to retrospectively analyse the incidence of infection following reconstruction of the clavicle using locking reconstruction plate.
Materials and methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of orthopaedics, Institute, state. The study was conducted over a period of one year i.e. from July 20XX to August 20XX. In this study 110 cases of displaced mid shaft clavicular fractures were retrospectively analysed for occurrence of complications. The demographic details of all the patients were obtained from the medical records of the hospital. All the patients were noted for presence of infection after a month and 3 months after surgery. Presence of pain, sinus discharge and wound dehiscence were considered as the signs of infection. All the data obtained was arranged in a tabulated form and analysed using SPSS software.
Results: A total of 110 patients were evaluated with the mean age of 28.32 +/- 3.45 years. The male to female ratio in our study was 3.4:1. There were 25 females and 85 males in the study group. out of 110 fracture patients, 5 developed infection after follow up period. The incidence of infection was 4.5%. There were 3 cases that presented with discharge and 1 patient had screw loosening.
Conclusion: Reconstruction plates are the treatment of choice because of their adaptability are used for this purpose. The incidence of infection in our present study was 4.5%.