National Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics
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National Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics

2020, Vol. 4 Issue 2, Part A
Thromboembolic complications secondary to limb trauma in orthopedic surgery department of Sylvanus Olympio university hospital
Author(s): Akloa Komlavi Ehlissou Kolima, Ayouba Gamal, Towoezim Tchaa Hodabalo, Simwetare M’badia Fètoutou, Kombate, Bakriga Batarabadja, Akpoto Menssavi Yaovi, Dellanh Yaovi Yannick and Abalo Anani Grégoire
Abstract: Introduction: Thromboembolic complications arise when the Virchow triad is brought together. In trauma, trauma, bed rest and even treatment promote these complications.
The aim: To determine the epidemiological aspects of these complications in trauma patients of the limbs in order to improve prevention and management.
Material and method: It was a prospective study from January 1 to December 31, 2018 on the trauma of members admitted to the orthopedic trauma service and who presented a thromboembolic complication. The parameters studied were age, sex, weight, nature of the limb lesion, site of the lesion, type of thromboembolic complications, time to onset of the complication.
Results: Twelve (12) patients including 8 men and 4 women presented thromboembolic complications after their trauma. The average age of the patients was 35.4 years. Complications were observed after surgery in 5 cases and after orthopedic treatment in 3 cases. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was found in 9 cases and pulmonary embolism in 3 cases. The limb trauma consisted of a fracture in 10 patients and a dislocation of the knee in 2 cases. Complications mainly occurred on pelvic fracture with 4 cases. The delay of onset of these complications was the first 4 post-traumatic days in most of the patients.
Pages: 09-11  |  516 Views  13 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Akloa Komlavi Ehlissou Kolima, Ayouba Gamal, Towoezim Tchaa Hodabalo, Simwetare M’badia Fètoutou, Kombate, Bakriga Batarabadja, Akpoto Menssavi Yaovi, Dellanh Yaovi Yannick and Abalo Anani Grégoire. Thromboembolic complications secondary to limb trauma in orthopedic surgery department of Sylvanus Olympio university hospital. National Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics. 2020; 4(2): 09-11 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33545/orthor.2020.v4.i2a.217
National Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics